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Your Guide to buying thread.

Thread

                                                                                                                                      A BEGINNERS' GUIDE TO THREAD

At Abbey England we supply a wide range of threads for all of your different needs, be it hand stitching or machine stitching. In this guide we aim to answer all of your questions to enable you to choose the perfect thread for your job.

COATS CORE SPUN POLYESTER

Coats Terco Satin is a cotton wrapped polyester corespun thread with a glace finish.

Combines the excellent sewing performance of cotton with the superior strength and elongation characteristics of continuous filament polyester.

The cotton wrap protects the polyester core from needle heat even in the most demanding of applications.

C S P Thread

MAIN USES

  • Leather garments
  • Gloves and handbags
  • Wallets and purses
  • Automotive interiors
  • Travel goods
  • Leather goods
  • Sporting goods
  • Saddlery & Harness
  • Protective Footwear
  • Technical textiles



Coats Terko Satin ( C S P) is polished through a specially-engineered process using a customised formulation to ensure that the fibres are held together during tough sewing operations. This results in stronger seams.

Furthermore, the controlled stretch characteristics yield excellent sewability with tight, firm stitches on multiple leather surface.

SIZES

C S P is available in the following sizes:

C S P TKT 35 4000M

C S P TKT 25 2500M

C S P TKT 20 2000M

C S P TKT 12 2500M

C S P TKT 8 1750M

Note, the higher the TKT number is, the thinner the thread.
 

COATS NYLON BOND

Coats Nylbond is a bonded nylon thread made from pre-established continuous filament nylon 6.6. It provides superior abrasion resistance in the sewn product (good abrasion resistance ensures a good sewing performance and makes the thread more durable.)

It’s properties include outstanding strength and durability and has a specially formulated lubricant for high temperature resistance and provides a smooth operation through the needle eye. With the Coats Nylon, you also won’t experience any ply untwisting or flaking.

Nylon Thread

   MAIN USES

  • Sports footwear
  • Leather footwear
  • Leather goods
  • Furniture Upholstery
  • ¬†Automotive
  • ¬†Luggage and travel goods
  • ¬†Outdoor goods and sports equipment
  • ¬†Protective footwear
  • ¬†Filtration
  • ¬†Computer contour stitching

LINEN THREAD PRODUCT INFORMATION

View our Information Sheet Here

CHOOSING THE RIGHT NEEDLE

Choosing the correct needles

BARBOUR LINEN THREAD

Barbour Linen thread has the highest quality of flax while providing a natural look. However, its greatest assets is its low extensibility and its ability to hold a tight knot in the lockstitch seam and increases in strength when wet by approximately 5%. It also doesn’t melt like some other synthetic threads.

Barbour linen does not stretch and can easily be dyed. Another reason why linen thread is so popular is for its environmental credentials. Linen degrades naturally.

Barbour Linen Thread

Barbour Linen thread is available in the following sizes:

  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR 25/3 250G ¬†
  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR 18/6 250G
  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR 18/5 250G
  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR ¬†18/4 250G
  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR 18/3 250G
  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR 40/3 50G
  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR 35/3 50G
  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR 25/3 50G
  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR 18/3 50G

So what does the sizing refer to? 


The first number in the sequence refers to the thickness of the yarn while the second number refers to how many yarns make up the thread.
Looking at 18/3, 18/4, 18/5 and 18/6, 18/6 is the thickest as it is made up of 6 yarns.
Other sizes available are 25/3, 35/3 and 40/3.

         MAIN USES

  • Automotive
  • ¬†Bag manufacture
  • ¬†Bedding
  • Bookbinding
  • Cablebinding
  • Canvas
  • Carpets
  • Cigarette tapes
  • Cricket balls
  • Cricket bats
  • Electrical cables


  • ¬†Fishing line
  • ¬†Footwear
  • Furniture upholstery
  • Equestrian
  • Lace
  • Medical supplies
  • Polishing discs
  • Pool cues
  • Saddlery
  • Sporting goods
  • Weaving
  • ¬†Wigs

Product Guidelines

Product Guidelines
SEWING MACHINE
THREAD
MACHINE

THREAD TERMINOLOGY 

With a wide selection of threads avaliable to choose from, it is important to know some of the terminology associated with different thread properties to judge the differences between different thread types and what will work best for you.


Tensile strength is the tension at which a thread breaks, measured in grams or kilograms (force).

Tenacity is the relative strength obtained by dividing the tensile strength by the thickness of the structure.

Loop strength is the load required to break a length of thread which is looped through another length of the same thread.

Minimum loop strength is the strength of the weakest loop in a series of loops (tested in a continuous length of thread).

Elongation at break is the amount by which a thread is extended at its breaking point measured as a percentage of its original length.

Modulus is a term used to signify a numerical value which indicates the manner in which the textile behaves when a tensile force is applied.

Elasticity is a property of the thread which enables it to recover to its original length after being extended by a set amount.

Shrinkage is the proportion by which a thread contracts under the action of washing or heating.

Moisture regain is the weight of moisture in a fibre or thread expressed as a quantity of weight of completely dry material.

REQUIREMENTS OF A GOOD QUALITY SEWING THREAD

Good tensile strength holds the stitched seam tightly during wash and wear.

Smooth surface and absence of faults ensures less friction between the needle and the material during sewing. The thread must be well lubricated to increase its sewability (the sewing threads performance) and resistance to abrasion.

Uniform thickness / diameter results in an even sewing thread, which moves smoothly and quickly through the needle eye and the fabric. It also affects the thread’s tensile strength, resistance to abrasion and its twist construction. An uneven thread may twist into short knots and jam at the eye of the needle.

Good elasticity enables thread to recover its original length immediately after the tension has been released. The elasticity of sewing thread affects the strength and the finished quality of a stitched seam.

Good colour fastness provides immunity to the different agents the thread is exposed to during manufacture and washing. The thread must hence be uniformly dyed.

Low shrinkage of the thread being used on the fabric material with higher shrinkage reduces the chances of seam puckering.

Good resistance to chemical attack is a desirable property for thread used in garments which may undergo washing, bleaching or dry-cleaning.

Good abrasion resistance ensures a good sewing performance and makes the thread more durable.

Your Guide to buying thread.

Thread

                                                                                                                                      A BEGINNERS' GUIDE TO THREAD

At Abbey England we supply a wide range of threads for all of your different needs, be it hand stitching or machine stitching. In this guide we aim to answer all of your questions to enable you to choose the perfect thread for your job.

COATS CORE SPUN POLYESTER

Coats Terco Satin is a cotton wrapped polyester corespun thread with a glace finish.

Combines the excellent sewing performance of cotton with the superior strength and elongation characteristics of continuous filament polyester.

The cotton wrap protects the polyester core from needle heat even in the most demanding of applications.

C S P Thread

MAIN USES

  • Leather garments
  • Gloves and handbags
  • Wallets and purses
  • Automotive interiors
  • Travel goods
  • Leather goods
  • Sporting goods
  • Saddlery & Harness
  • Protective Footwear
  • Technical textiles



Coats Terko Satin ( C S P) is polished through a specially-engineered process using a customised formulation to ensure that the fibres are held together during tough sewing operations. This results in stronger seams.

Furthermore, the controlled stretch characteristics yield excellent sewability with tight, firm stitches on multiple leather surface.

SIZES

C S P is available in the following sizes:

C S P TKT 35 4000M

C S P TKT 25 2500M

C S P TKT 20 2000M

C S P TKT 12 2500M

C S P TKT 8 1750M

Note, the higher the TKT number is, the thinner the thread.
 

COATS NYLON BOND

Coats Nylbond is a bonded nylon thread made from pre-established continuous filament nylon 6.6. It provides superior abrasion resistance in the sewn product (good abrasion resistance ensures a good sewing performance and makes the thread more durable.)

It’s properties include outstanding strength and durability and has a specially formulated lubricant for high temperature resistance and provides a smooth operation through the needle eye. With the Coats Nylon, you also won’t experience any ply untwisting or flaking.

Nylon Thread

   MAIN USES

  • Sports footwear
  • Leather footwear
  • Leather goods
  • Furniture Upholstery
  • ¬†Automotive
  • ¬†Luggage and travel goods
  • ¬†Outdoor goods and sports equipment
  • ¬†Protective footwear
  • ¬†Filtration
  • ¬†Computer contour stitching

LINEN THREAD PRODUCT INFORMATION

View our Information Sheet Here

CHOOSING THE RIGHT NEEDLE

Choosing the correct needles

BARBOUR LINEN THREAD

Barbour Linen thread has the highest quality of flax while providing a natural look. However, its greatest assets is its low extensibility and its ability to hold a tight knot in the lockstitch seam and increases in strength when wet by approximately 5%. It also doesn’t melt like some other synthetic threads.

Barbour linen does not stretch and can easily be dyed. Another reason why linen thread is so popular is for its environmental credentials. Linen degrades naturally.

Barbour Linen Thread

Barbour Linen thread is available in the following sizes:

  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR 25/3 250G ¬†
  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR 18/6 250G
  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR 18/5 250G
  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR ¬†18/4 250G
  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR 18/3 250G
  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR 40/3 50G
  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR 35/3 50G
  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR 25/3 50G
  • LINEN THREAD BARBOUR 18/3 50G

So what does the sizing refer to? 


The first number in the sequence refers to the thickness of the yarn while the second number refers to how many yarns make up the thread.
Looking at 18/3, 18/4, 18/5 and 18/6, 18/6 is the thickest as it is made up of 6 yarns.
Other sizes available are 25/3, 35/3 and 40/3.

         MAIN USES

  • Automotive
  • ¬†Bag manufacture
  • ¬†Bedding
  • Bookbinding
  • Cablebinding
  • Canvas
  • Carpets
  • Cigarette tapes
  • Cricket balls
  • Cricket bats
  • Electrical cables


  • ¬†Fishing line
  • ¬†Footwear
  • Furniture upholstery
  • Equestrian
  • Lace
  • Medical supplies
  • Polishing discs
  • Pool cues
  • Saddlery
  • Sporting goods
  • Weaving
  • ¬†Wigs

Product Guidelines

Product Guidelines
SEWING MACHINE
THREAD
MACHINE

THREAD TERMINOLOGY 

With a wide selection of threads avaliable to choose from, it is important to know some of the terminology associated with different thread properties to judge the differences between different thread types and what will work best for you.


Tensile strength is the tension at which a thread breaks, measured in grams or kilograms (force).

Tenacity is the relative strength obtained by dividing the tensile strength by the thickness of the structure.

Loop strength is the load required to break a length of thread which is looped through another length of the same thread.

Minimum loop strength is the strength of the weakest loop in a series of loops (tested in a continuous length of thread).

Elongation at break is the amount by which a thread is extended at its breaking point measured as a percentage of its original length.

Modulus is a term used to signify a numerical value which indicates the manner in which the textile behaves when a tensile force is applied.

Elasticity is a property of the thread which enables it to recover to its original length after being extended by a set amount.

Shrinkage is the proportion by which a thread contracts under the action of washing or heating.

Moisture regain is the weight of moisture in a fibre or thread expressed as a quantity of weight of completely dry material.

REQUIREMENTS OF A GOOD QUALITY SEWING THREAD

Good tensile strength holds the stitched seam tightly during wash and wear.

Smooth surface and absence of faults ensures less friction between the needle and the material during sewing. The thread must be well lubricated to increase its sewability (the sewing threads performance) and resistance to abrasion.

Uniform thickness / diameter results in an even sewing thread, which moves smoothly and quickly through the needle eye and the fabric. It also affects the thread’s tensile strength, resistance to abrasion and its twist construction. An uneven thread may twist into short knots and jam at the eye of the needle.

Good elasticity enables thread to recover its original length immediately after the tension has been released. The elasticity of sewing thread affects the strength and the finished quality of a stitched seam.

Good colour fastness provides immunity to the different agents the thread is exposed to during manufacture and washing. The thread must hence be uniformly dyed.

Low shrinkage of the thread being used on the fabric material with higher shrinkage reduces the chances of seam puckering.

Good resistance to chemical attack is a desirable property for thread used in garments which may undergo washing, bleaching or dry-cleaning.

Good abrasion resistance ensures a good sewing performance and makes the thread more durable.